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Elaeagnus


Small trees or large shrubs, evergreen or deciduous, comĀ­pose this genus of Elaeagnaceae. Most of the known species are decidedly ornamental, while there are varieties of several which are of even more decorative value than the respective types.

The majority make large and shapely specimens, with little trouble to the cultivator, and while they prefer a rich loamy soil, they will thrive in sandy soil of poor quality. Cuttings of half ripe wood root well indoors, while the seeds of some, which set freely, are a sure means of increase. The flowers are not showy, but they are very fragrant, and are borne in profusion.

The best species and varieties are:

Elaeagnus argentea, the Silver Berry of North America, introduced in 1813. It grows from 3 to 10 feet high, and bears silvery leaves, which are deciduous.

Elaeagnus glabra is an evergreen from China and Japan; growing to a height of 8 or 10 feet. There is a pretty variegated form.

Elaeagnus macrophylla - This is the Fon Gumi of Japan and Formosa. It grows 6 or 8 feet high, and has ornamental, silvery, evergreen leaves. The flowers are borne in late autumn, and are followed by scarlet fruits.

Elaeagnus Orientalis forms a small tree with a trunk 1 foot in diameter. It is from the Orient, and bears silvery, deciduous leaves.