Home garden design > Planting Trees and Shrubs > The Best Garden Trees and Garden Shrubs > Phillyraea


A genus of useful evergreen shrubs belonging to Oleaceae. They thrive in ordinary garden soil, and can be increased from cuttings. Phillyraea angustifolia, from the Mediterranean region, has small, narrow leaves, and forms a dense bush 5 or 6 feet high.

Phillyraea decora, a native of Lazistan, forms a dense bush 3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 8 feet through, with ovate, acuminate leaves 4 to 5 inches long, and small, white flowers which appear in May. It is often called Phillyraea Vilmoriniana. It should not be planted in cold, heavy soil.

Phillyraea latifolia was introduced from the Mediterranean region in 1597. It grows 15 to 30 feet high, and bears ovate leaves 1 inch to 1.5 inches long.

Phillyraea media is found growing with the last mentioned species, and was introduced about the same time. If forms a dense bush 15 to 18 feet high, with lanceolate leaves. Cuttings of all root readily indoors in summer.