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Pyrus malus


For small gardens, where one or two trees only are required, this group of Apple bearers will be found most serviceable, many of the species being very floriferous.

Pyrus baccata, the Siberian Crab, is found in the Himalayas, China, and Japan. It forms a dense, round headed tree, bearing, in May, large, almost white flowers, which are succeeded by smooth round fruits. When ripe the fruits are bright red or orange and red in colour. They are used largely for jelly. There are many varieties, of which Pyrus cerasifera has very bright red fruits, and Pyrus lutea yellow fruits.

Pyrus coronaria is the American Crab Apple. It was introduced in 1724, and forms a good sized tree, with white, pink tinted flowers followed by round, glossy, bright green fruits. The variety flore pleno has double flowers and is very showy.

Pyrus floribunda is a native of Japan, and though it grows into a small tree it is more often met with as a large bush. For small gardens it is a first rate plant, while for large gardens it is equally desirable. For a lawn specimen it is an excellent subject, as it grows naturally into a shapely plant. The flowers are borne in great profusion in April and May; they are white, deeply suffused with rose. The variety atrosanguinea has deep red blossoms. It should be given plenty of room, as it extends in width very rapidly, and bushes 12 feet or more through can be had in seven or eight years from the planting.

Pyrus Malus - This is the Common Crab Apple, found wild in England and many other countries. Its chief interest lies in its being the parent of the garden Apples. When covered in May with its pretty, pink. tinted blossoms it is very ornamental, and is worth a place in the shrubbery or wild garden. Of botanical varieties, Astracanica, the parent of the Red Astrachan Apple; coccinea, with red fruits ; flore albo pleno, with double white flowers; and pendula, with weeping branches, are distinct.

Pyrus Niedzwetzkyana is a very distinct Caucasian species. The flowers are large and of a peculiar shade of red, unknown in any other Pyrus. The fruits are red skinned, and the flesh, together with the leaves and wood of the tree, is permeated with a reddish tinge. It is a very showy species.

Pyrus prunifolia is a native of Siberia, and is very closely related to Pyrus baccata, the principal difference being that the calyx lobes of this are retained on the fruit until it falls, while in the case of baccata they are very early deciduous. The fruit is often bright red, but there are varieties with yellow and striped fruits.

Pyrus Ringo is a native of Japan, and is showy when in blossom, and again when covered with its small, yellow fruits in autumn.

Pyrus Scheideckeri is a hybrid between Pyrus floribunda and Pyrus prunifolia, combining the good qualities of both and forming a very ornamental tree. The flowers are large and deeply flushed with pink.

Pyrus Sikkimensis is an Indian species, with curious spiny branches, and small fruits with very long calyx lobes.

Pyrus spectabilis is a large flowered plant from China and Japan, whence it was introduced in 1780. The blossoms are 2 inches or so across, and deeply tinted with pink. In autumn the leaves colour brilliantly. The variety flore pleno is double flowered, and Kaido has darker coloured blossoms than the type.