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Salix Caprea


Salix Caprea, the Common Sallow or Goat Willow, is found in Europe and North Asia. The male form has large, golden catkins, which appear in March and April. Other good ones are S. elegantissima, fragilis, gracilistyla, hippophaifolia, incana, Myrsinites, rosmarinifolia, and nigricans.

Other useful species are:

Salix alba, the White Willow of Europe, Asia, and north Africa. This forms a large tree, and the wood is used for the making of cricket bats. The variety vitellina ha,s forms with bright yellow and bright red stems.

Salix Babylonica, the Weeping Willow, a native of Japan. It grows 30 feet high, and is the most useful of all for the margins of lakes or streams. The variety ramulis aureis has golden stems.

The genus of Salicaceae contains a large number of species, a few only of which are worth including in gardens. These should have a damp position, the margin of a lake or stream for preference. All are easily increased by means of cuttings of ripened wood in winter, and all grow readily in ordinary soil, provided it is naturally moist.

In the genus there is a great diversity of form, for while some make large timber trees, others only form bushes, a contrast to these, again, being those species which are dwarf, prostrate growers, and rarely rise more than 1 inch or 2 inches above the ground.

The habit of some species is particularly graceful, rendering them among the most lovely of pendulous trees.